Fast Facts on Cholera | CNN



CNN

Here’s a look at cholera, an acute diarrheal infection that has killed thousands of people around the world.

Cholera is contracted by consuming food or water contaminated with the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. The bacteria is usually found in water contaminated with feces.

Dehydration due to the rapid loss of body fluids is the reason why the disease can be fatal if the patient is not treated.

The short incubation period of the disease, from two hours to five days, increases the likelihood of epidemics.

Oral rehydration solution (ORS) can successfully treat up to 80% of patients with cholera.

There are three two-dose oral cholera vaccines, Dukoral, Shanchol and Euvichol. There is also an FDA-approved single-dose oral vaccine in the United States called Vaxchora.

Cholera is rare in industrialized countries.

People who live in areas with drinking water shortages or inadequate sanitation facilities are vulnerable to cholera.

2020323,320 cases reported in 27 countries with 857 deaths.

– In the United States, there have been no cases and no deaths.

2019 923,037 cases reported in 31 countries with 1,911 deaths.

– In the United States, there have been no cases and no deaths.

2018 499,447 cases reported in 34 countries with 2,990 deaths.

– In the United States, there have been 10 cases and no deaths.

20171,227,391 cases reported in 34 countries with 5,654 deaths.

– In the United States, there have been 11 cases and no deaths.

2016132,121 cases reported in 38 countries with 2,420 deaths.

– In the United States, there have been 14 cases and no deaths.

2015172,454 cases reported in 42 countries with 1,304 deaths.

– In the United States, there have been four cases and no deaths.

2014190,549 cases reported in 42 countries with 2,231 deaths.

– In the United States, there have been seven cases with no deaths.

2013129,064 cases reported in 47 countries with 2,102 deaths.

– In the United States, there have been 14 cases with no deaths.

2012 245,393 cases reported in 48 countries with 3,034 deaths.

– In the United States, there have been 18 cases with no deaths.

2011 589,854 cases reported in 58 countries with 7,816 deaths.

– In the United States, there have been 42 cases with no deaths.

2010 317,534 cases reported in 48 countries with 7,543 deaths.

– In the United States, there have been 15 cases with no deaths.

1817 – The first pandemic begins in Southeast Asia.

1829 – The second pandemic begins in India.

1852 – The third pandemic begins in India.

1863 – The fourth pandemic begins in the Bay of Bengal.

1881 – The fifth pandemic begins in India.

1899 – The sixth pandemic begins in India.

1961 – The seventh pandemic begins in Indonesia.

July 1994 – Cholera breaks out in Rwandan refugee camps near Goma, Zaire.

October 2010 – Ten months after a devastating earthquake in Haiti, a cholera epidemic begins. About 800,000 cases and 10,000 deaths in Haiti are reported later. A study of the outbreak says she was born in a camp set up by UN peacekeepers.

October 10, 2013 – Human rights lawyers are filing a class action lawsuit in US federal court accusing the United Nations of negligence and misconduct on behalf of victims of the 2010 cholera outbreak in Haiti.

January 9, 2015 – A U.S. federal judge rules that Haitian victims of the 2010 cholera outbreak cannot sue the United Nations because the UN enjoys legal immunity.

August 18, 2016 – For the first time, the United Nations recognizes its involvement in the cholera epidemic in Haiti in 2010.

April 2017 – A cholera epidemic begins in Yemen in the midst of war.

December 21, 2017 – The International Committee of the Red Cross announces that the cholera epidemic in Yemen has affected 1 million suspected cases, making it the largest cholera epidemic in the world in recent history.

September 21, 2018 – The WHO reports more than 1.2 million cases of cholera in 2017 and more than 5,600 deaths in 34 countries around the world. Yemen accounted for 84% of all suspected cholera cases and 41% of deaths. The high number of cases is due to the outbreak in Yemen, as well as outbreaks in the Democratic Republic of Congo, Nigeria, Somalia and South Sudan.

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